Heart disease is the leading cause of death in developed countries. In the U.S. alone estimated 12.4 million people suffer from this disease and 1.1 million people will be affected by a serious heart condition this year.
In 2000, 16.7 million people died of this disease, or approximately 30.3% of total deaths worldwide. More than half reported from developing countries. In Indonesia, the prevalence of heart disease from year to year continue to increase.
In addition to classical risk factors (smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, lack of activity, diabetes mellitus, stress), the results of research recently mentioned that the inflammatory reaction (inflammation) of the chronic infectious disease may also be a risk factor. Even so, only a chronic disease that proved teeth associated with heart disease.
The spread of dental diseases to other organs can be explained by the theory of focal infection.
Focal infection is a chronic infection in one place and trigger the disease elsewhere. Toxins, wastes, and infectious microbes can spread to other places in the body such as kidneys, heart, eyes, skin. The impact of dental disease may be at the heart of coronary heart disease, inflammation of muscles, and heart valves (endocarditis).
Bacteria that shipped with the blood flow can produce enzymes that speed up the formation of blood clots that harden the heart blood vessel walls (atherosclerosis). Bacteria can also be attached to the coating (plaque) of fat in the blood vessels and strengthen heart plaque. All that, blocking blood flow and distribution of food resources and oxygen to the heart, so the heart does not function properly.
The initial symptoms may include chest pain, including burning feeling, depressed, and the heavy burden on the left breast, which can be extended to the left arm, neck, chin, and shoulders. Chest pain was also felt in the middle of the chest for several minutes. After the event is usually followed by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, cold sweat, legs and arms into the cold, panting, and shortness of breath.
Prolonged angina will lead to a heart attack (myocardial infarction). But often lasted coronary heart disease without symptoms, it does not cause problems until the situation was severe. Alternatively, inflammatory reactions caused by dental disease increases plaque formation that spurs blood vessel wall thickening. Research showed that people with dental disease have twice the risk of higher coronary heart disease.
The bacteria found in dental plaque is a risk factor for endocarditis.
Bacteria in cavities and damaged gums can enter the blood circulation through bleeding gums. These bacteria easily attack the heart valves and heart muscle has weakened. Symptoms include fever, noisy heart, bleeding under the skin, even embolization (blockage) small blood vessels in the organs of the body.
Although rare, this disease can be fatal and sometimes require emergency heart valve surgery. It is also highly recommended as profilaksi of antibiotics in people who suffered heart valve prolapse, rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart defects, prior to getting dental treatment measures.
Because prevent is always better than cure, need a good dental care and regular dental examinations. How to prevent the formation of tartar is quite simple, that is diligently and thoroughly clean the teeth properly and correctly. Brushing the tongue for 30 seconds is also shown to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth.
Brochures way to brush your teeth is good and right can be obtained easily at any dentists. Use of dental floss (dental floss) is also very important to clean the areas difficult to reach by a toothbrush, especially the are between the teeth and also in the teeth of the crowded.